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ldap_first_attribute> <ldap_error
[edit] Last updated: Sat, 12 May 2012

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ldap_explode_dn

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

ldap_explode_dnSplits DN into its component parts

Description

array ldap_explode_dn ( string $dn , int $with_attrib )

Splits the DN returned by ldap_get_dn() and breaks it up into its component parts. Each part is known as Relative Distinguished Name, or RDN.

Parameters

dn

The distinguished name of an LDAP entity.

with_attrib

Used to request if the RDNs are returned with only values or their attributes as well. To get RDNs with the attributes (i.e. in attribute=value format) set with_attrib to 0 and to get only values set it to 1.

Return Values

Returns an array of all DN components. The first element in this array has count key and represents the number of returned values, next elements are numerically indexed DN components.



ldap_first_attribute> <ldap_error
[edit] Last updated: Sat, 12 May 2012
 
add a note add a note User Contributed Notes ldap_explode_dn
DavidSmith at byu dot net 15-Sep-2003 04:06
[ Editor's Note: The segfault has been fixed and will not occur in PHP 4.3.4 or PHP 5.0.0 when they are released.  However, it is still important to escape special characters as detailed below. ]

If your DN contains < or > characters, you must escape them with a backslash or ldap_explode_dn() will give you a "wrong parameter count" error or even a segmentation fault.

For example, these calls will fail with a "wrong parameter count" or a seg fault:

  ldap_explode_dn( "cn=<bob>,dc=example,dc=com", 0 );
  ldap_explode_dn( 'cn=<bob>,dc=example,dc=com', 0 );

But this will succeed

  ldap_explode_dn( "cn=\<bob\>,dc=example,dc=com", 0 );

Notice also that the < and > are escaped with hex codes as noted above. This function is a nice wrapper that properly formats all DNs and can safely be called with < and > characters, and UTF-8 characters:

function my_explode_dn( $dn, $with_attributes=0 )
{
        $dn = addcslashes( $dn, "<>" );
        $result = ldap_explode_dn( $dn, $with_attributes );
        //translate hex code into ascii again
        foreach( $result as $key => $value )
                $result[$key] = preg_replace("/\\\([0-9A-Fa-f]{2})/e", "''.chr(hexdec('\\1')).''", $value);
        return $result;
}

I am using php 4.3.1. Good luck!
gabriel at hrz dot uni-marburg dot de 04-Aug-2003 09:27
Keep attention on UTF8 encoded DNs. Since openLDAP >=2.1.2
ldap_explode_dn turns unprintable chars (in the ASCII sense, UTF8
encoded) into \<hexcode>.

Example:

$dn="ou=Universität ,c=DE";
var_dump(ldap_explode_dn($dn,0));

//returns

array(3) {
  ["count"]=>
  int(2)
  [0]=>
  string(19) "ou=Universit\C3\A4t"
  [1]=>
  string(4) "c=DE"
}

Unfortunately, PHP don't support the ldap functions ldap_str2dn and
ldap_dn2str, but by means of preg_replace a workaround is possible to
recover the old behaviour of ldap_explode_dn

// workaround
function myldap_explode_dn($dn,$with_attribute){

$result=ldap_explode_dn ($dn, $with_attrib);
 //translate hex code into ascii again
    foreach($result as $key=>$value){
          $result[$key]=preg_replace("/\\\([0-9A-Fa-f]{2})/e", "''.chr(hexdec('\\1')).''", $value);
    }
    return($result);

}
//
//then follows for the example

$dn="ou=Universität ,c=DE";
var_dump(myldap_explode_dn($dn,0));

//returns

array(3) {
  ["count"]=>
  int(2)
  [0]=>
  string(15) "ou=Universität"
  [1]=>
  string(4) "c=DE"
}
bs at muekno dot de 22-Oct-2001 11:02
Copying is much better than typing!!!!
Just modify the constants.
Best wishes (and thanX 4 this helpfull site),
Bernd Schwaegerl
Mueller-Knoche GmbH, Systemhaus fuer EDV-Loesungen

# Example:

$HOST = "Yourhostname";
$USER_DN = "Yourldapuser_dn";
$PWD = "Ldapuserpassword";
$BASE_DN = "o=Your_organisation";
$SEARCH_OBJECT="sn=YOUR_SEARCH_PERSON_OBJECTS_SN";

$ldap_handle=ldap_connect($HOST);
$bind_result=ldap_bind($ldap_handle,$USER_DN,$PWD);

$search_result=ldap_search($ldap_handle,$BASE_DN,$SEARCH_OBJECT);
$result=ldap_get_entries($ldap_handle,$search_result);
$result_array=ldap_get_entries($ldap_handle,$result);
$whole_dn=$result_array[0]["dn"];

$dn_parts=ldap_explode_dn($whole_dn,0);

 
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